All forms of traffic cause some degree of compaction. This is typically an indirect problem commonly resulting in a reduction in turf vigour. The forces that contribute to compaction include the weight of the golfer or golf cart spread over the turf surface. The following example illustrates the amount of pressure exerted on the turf from the various sources.
Compression Pressure (PSI)
Calculations of actual compression show pressure on the heel of the foot while walking is equal to pressure from a four-wheel pickup with one rider. Turf area impacted must also be considered with compression pressure to get a true picture of the cause of vehicle turf damage